Facts About Minerals

3rd - 6th Grade Textbook

L1 Minerals

L1 Minerals textbookL1 Minerals

Facts about minerals are included in every one of our Level 1 Minerals textbook lessons. There are 12 lessons in the book. These are some of the lesson titles included in the textbook: What is a Mineral, Keys to Elimination, Luster of Minerals, Mohs Scale of Hardness, Cleavage Surfaces and Special Properties of Minerals. Each lesson contains 2-3 pages of written material, a quiz and a kids science activity.

The textbooks are designed for upper elementary school students. Each textbook can be completed in one month by students who finish three lessons per week. A semester of Earth Science credit can be earned by students completing one of the Level 1 courses. Students wishing to earn a year of Earth Science credit should complete both Level 1 courses.

L1 Minerals KitL1 Minerals Kit
Pin It

Video Lessons

Myrna Martin introduces each lesson in the textbook on a video that can be purchased with our complete kits, packages and courses. Myrna covers not only the main points in the lesson she also includes extra information on the topic that is not contained in the written material.

Elementary Science Activities

The kids science activities are fun and easy to do. They also increase a student's understanding of the information taught in the lesson. Examples of the activities include: Getting to Know Minerals, Animal Mineral or Vegetable, Checking for Hardness and Finding Fractures. Each of these activities are designed to teach the identification keys needed to identify most of the minerals that have been identified on our planet.


SE L1 Minerals Options

Student Edition eBook link
L1 Minerals textbook

Teacher Edition eBook link
L1 Minerals Textbook

L1 Minerals teacher's books

Teacher’s Edition Textbooks

The teacher’s textbook is an exact copy of the student textbook. It includes the answers to the quizzes on each quiz page. A Teacher’s Notes page is located before each lesson with the following information

1. Lesson Content
2. Lesson Objectives
3. Activity information and materials needed
4. Vocabulary and definitions
5. Correlation with the National Science Standards


Facts about minerals

Two important facts about minerals. Magnetite has been used by sailors for thousands of years when they are at sea. Sailors traveling on cloudy days could tell the which direction they were traveling by floating magnetite on a piece of cork in water.  The mineral acts like a small compass. When the magnetite was molten and started to cool the individual minerals in the rock aligned up with magnetic north.

Water that we drink everyday is a liquid. When water in the atmosphere begins to freeze it forms a mineral because a snowflake has a definite chemical composition and a specific crystalline structure. There is a saying no two snowflakes are alike even though they are six-sided crystals.

What is a Mineral?

Geologists use these facts about minerals to define them. A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a definite chemical composition and crystalline structure.

  • Gold, silver, and diamonds, are all naturally occurring minerals.
  • Coal and coral reefs are organic rocks produced by living organisms.
  • A mineral has a definite crystalline structure that forms when atoms combine to create a molecule that is repeated over and over.
  • Snowflakes are minerals but water is not because it is a liquid.
  • Some minerals are a single element like copper while others like quartz (silicon dioxide) are made up of two or elements.

Identifying minerals

There are approximately four thousand named minerals that are recognized by the International Mineralogical Association. Geologists are able to recognize different minerals based on their properties. Hardness, luster, color, streak, fracture and special properties of some minerals are keys to the identification of minerals.

Rock Forming Minerals

Only twenty minerals are found in great abundance on Earth.

Facts about minerals in basalt. Basalt found on all ocean floors usually contains olivine, augite, and plagioclase feldspars.

Facts about minerals in andesite. Andesite occurs in subduction zones, where stratovolcanoes like Mt. Hood grow into towering volcanoes. Minerals in andesite includes plagioclase, pyroxene and/or hornblende.

Facts about minerals in rhyolite. Rhyolite contains 70% or higher of silicon dioxide. Rhyolite lava that cools underground is granite. Minerals in granite include quartz, sanidine, plagioclase, hornblende and biotite mica.

More Level 1 Earth Science Links

L1 Igneous Rocks

L1 Sedimentary Rocks

L1 Metamorphic Rocks

L1 Rock & Mineral Field Guide

Level 1 Course 1

Level 1 Textbooks

L1 Earth Science

L1 Rock Cycle

L1 Volcanoes

L1 Earthquakes

Level 1 Course 2

Home Ring of Fire Science


Ring of Fire Science

Award winning
Earth Science materials


Why Educators Choose Our Earth Science Curriculum

  • Award-winning Homeschooling Materials for Grades K-12
  • Digital & Printed Options
  • Video Lessons on DVD
  • Hands-on Activities w/each lesson
  • Step-by-Step Instruction Books
  • Safe & Secure Online Shopping
  • Fast Shipping
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee

Homeschool Science Materials

Our Earth Science curriculum has been recommended by a number of authors including:

  • More Charlotte Mason Education - A Home Schooling How-To Manual by Catherine Levison

All of our science materials have been used by homeschooling families throughout the United States since 1998.


Recommended by AFMS Junior Chair

Ring of Fire Science materials were recommended by Jim Brace-Thompson of the American Federation of Mineralogical Societies.  He found our materials contain a wealth of information for the junior members of the society. He wrote that our books are beautifully designed and illustrated with easy-to-follow instructions for kids.


Cambridge Who's Who named Myrna Martin their Science Textbook Publishing Professional of the Year. She is the author of all of our textbooks.  Read more about our family business.

International Customers