Facts About Volcanoes

6th - 12th Grade Textbook

L2 Volcanoes

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Volcano lesson plans

Our Level 2 Volcanoes textbook includes facts about volcanoes in its 16 lessons on the four major types of volcanoes. These are some of the lessons and facts about volcanoes that are included in our textbook. Students learn about Calderas, Pyroclastic Flows, Lahars Plate Tectonics and four Types of Eruptions. Each lesson contains 3-4 pages of written material, a quiz and a kids science activity.

The textbooks are designed for middle school and high school students. Each textbook can be completed in six weeks by students who finish three lessons per week. A semester of Earth Science credit can be earned by students completing three Level 2 units in a semester. Students wishing to earn a year of Earth Science credit need to complete all six units.

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Video lessons

Myrna Martin introduces each lesson in the textbook on a video that can be purchased with our complete kits, packages and courses. Myrna covers not only the main points in the lesson she also includes extra information on the topic that is not contained in the written material.

Kids Science Activities

The kids science activities included with each lesson are fun and interesting for middle school and high school students. They are designed to increase a student’s understanding of the information taught in the lesson. These are some of the activities included in our Rock Cycle textbook: Frothy Eruptions, Volcano Booklet, Seafloor Magnetism, Build Your Own Volcano and Notorious Eruptions.


SE L2 Volcanoes Options

Student Edition eBook link
Level 2 Volcanoes Textbook

Teacher's Edition eBook link
Level 2 Volcanoes Textbook

L2 Volcanoes teacher's books

Teacher’s Edition Textbooks

The teacher’s textbook is an exact copy of the student textbook. It includes the answers to the quizzes on each quiz page. A Teacher’s Notes page is located before each lesson with the following information

1. Lesson Content
2. Lesson Objectives
3. Activity information and materials needed
4. Vocabulary and definitions
5. Correlation with the National Science Standards


Facts about volcanoes

Facts about volcanoes: All volcanoes are mountains of fire because they erupt hot molten lava from a vent. Composite volcanoes form in subduction zones on the continental side of the subduction zone. The great shield volcanoes of the Hawaiian Islands formed over a persistent hot spot in the middle of the Pacific Plate. Iceland volcanoes formed as the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate separates. In addition to the separating plates the island sits over a hot spot that also fuels the Iceland volcanoes.

Ring of Fire Volcanoes

Facts about volcanoes and the Pacific Ring of Fire volcanoes. The volcanoes surround the Pacific Plate forming a horseshoe shaped area that is 25,000 miles long. It is home to 75% of the world’s active and dormant volcanoes. The volcanoes form in subduction zones where the older and colder Pacific Plate and other smaller plates are being overridden by continental and some younger oceanic plates. Great stratovolcanoes have formed on the continental side of these subduction zones. Mt. Pinatubo, Mt. St. Helens and Mt. Wrangell are examples of andesitic volcanoes around the Pacific Ring of Fire.

Volcano vent

A volcano's vent is the opening on the Earth’s surface through which molten rock flows out or is blown out of a volcano. Beneath a volcano there is a magma chamber where molten rock collects. The magma chamber is not a hollow space but instead as molten rock enters the area rocks are broken apart allowing more molten rock to enter the chamber. When sufficient gases are dissolved in the molten rock they begin to expand. The hot molten rock moves up through cracks and crevices toward the Earth’s surface where a crack, which is the volcano vent, allows the molten rock to erupt.

Mount Saint Helens Eruptions

Mount Saint Helens eruptions were observed by British Ships in the 1850s. The eruption in 1980 was just one of the long series of volcanic eruptions on the mountain that have been observed by Native Americans over a long period of time.

The volcano awoke after approximately 100 years during spring break of 1980. The May 18, 1980 eruption began on a bright sunny morning. People were watching the volcano with their cameras poised to take pictures. It was the first time that a volcanic eruption of this magnitude was covered by television and cameras of people close to the eruption. More facts about volcanoes can be found on this link about the Mt. St. Helens eruption


More Level 2 Earth Science Links

L2 Rock Cycle

L2 Volcanoes

L2 Earthquakes

Level 2 Course 1

Level 2 Textbooks

L2 Earth Science

L2 Space

L2 The Oceans

Level 2 Course 2

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