Rock Identification

3rd - 6th Grade Course

Level 1  Course 1 Rock Identification

Arkansas Diamond MineLooking for diamonds at the Crater of Diamonds Park
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Our Rock Identification Course 1 is designed to be completed in one semester by students who finish three lessons per week. Each lesson in the textbooks contains 2-3 pages of written material, quiz and an elementary science activity.

Our three textbooks on rock identification all have the same format. Igneous Rocks cover the formation and unique characteristics that formed due to volcanic action. The Sedimentary Rocks textbook includes information on the rocks that cover approximately 75% of the Earth's surface. The Metamorphic Rocks textbook explains how rocks under great pressure turn into new rocks without melting. The Rock Identification Field Guide is not a textbook. Students can carry their field guide in their backpacks while they look for rocks.

Igneous Rocks

Igneous rocks all form when magma (molten rock) underground or on the Earth's surface solidifies into solid rock. Intrusive rocks form when magma cools deep underground or near the Earth's surface in dikes and sills. Intrusive rocks contain minerals with interlocking crystals that are visible to the naked eye. Lava rocks form when molten rock flows out of a volcano’s vent and solidifies into solid rock. Igneous rocks that were blown out of a volcano and were airborne for a period of time are called tephra rocks. Ash, cinders, scoria and pumice are all examples of tephra.

L1 Sedimentary Rocks KitL1 Sedimentary Rocks Kit
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Sedimentary Rocks

Clastic rocks form when bits and pieces of older rocks form shale, claystone and sandstone. Minerals crystallize between the rock grains creating these new sedimentary rocks. Organic rocks all contain the remains of plants or animals. Coal forms in swampy areas when deep layers of plant materials turns to stone. Corals extract calcite from ocean water to form organic limestone homes. Chemical rocks are the result of dissolved chemicals crystallizing on lake bottoms and shallow seas. Salt domes and borax are examples of chemical rocks.

L1 Metamorphic Rocks KitL1 Metamorphic Rocks Kit
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Metamorphic Rocks

Metamorphic rocks form when heat, pressure and sometimes fluids cause rocks to recrystallize while in a solid state. Drifting continents that collide are the primary way that formation of metamorphic rocks occurs. The other source of marble is around the throats of volcanoes. When molten rock in magma chambers is on the move it heats up the country rock surround the throat of the volcano. Layers of limestone recrystallize into marble.

Rock & Mineral Identification Field Guide

The Rock & Mineral ID Field Guide is filled with charts and information on the three families of rocks. It also includes colored pictures of individual rocks throughout the book. The last section of the field guide is devoted to the identification of minerals. This section has charts, pictures, information on individual minerals. The minerals section includes notes on use the properties of minerals to identify many common minerals.


SE L1 Course 1 Options

Student Edition eBook link
Level 1 Course 1 textbooks

Teacher Edition eBook link
Level 1 Course 1 textbooks

L1 Course 1 teacher's books

Teacher’s Edition Textbooks

The teacher’s textbook is an exact copy of the student textbook. It includes the answers to the quizzes on each quiz page. A Teacher’s Notes page is located before each lesson with the following information

1. Lesson Content
2. Lesson Objectives
3. Activity information and materials needed
4. Vocabulary and definitions
5. Correlation with the National Science Standards


More Level 1 Earth Science Links

L1 Igneous Rocks

L1 Sedimentary Rocks

L1 Metamorphic Rocks

L1 Rock & Mineral Field Guide

Level 1 Course 1

Level 1 Textbooks

L1 Earth Science

L1 Rock Cycle

L1 Volcanoes

L1 Earthquakes

Level 1 Course 2

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