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Volcanoes Information

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L1 Volcanoes

L1 VolcanoesL1 Volcanoes

Our Level 1 Volcanoes textbook includes twelve lessons about volcanoes found around the world. Lesson topics include Four Types of Volcanoes, Volcanic Rocks, Plate Tectonics, Ring of Fire, and Submarine Volcanoes.  Each lesson contains 2-3 pages of written volcanoes information, a quiz and an elementary science activity.

Myrna Martin introduces each lesson in the textbook on a video that can be purchased with our packages and courses. Myrna covers not only the main points in the lesson she also includes extra information on the topic that is not contained in the written material.

The kids science activities are fun and easy to do in this textbook. Activities include Hot Spot Volcano, Volcano Links, Miniature Volcano, Deep Sea Collage and Concentration.

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Level 1 Volcanoes textbook

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Level 1 Volcanoes textbook

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Teacher’s Edition Textbooks

The teacher’s textbook is an exact copy of the student textbook. It includes the answers to the quizzes on each quiz page. A Teacher’s Notes page is located before each lesson with the following information

1. Lesson Content
2. Lesson Objectives
3. Activity information and materials needed
4. Vocabulary and definitions
5. Correlation with the National Science Standards

Volcanoes Information

What is the Pacific Ring of Fire?

Around the Pacific Ocean is the Pacific Ring of Fire that includes all types of volcanoes that form in hot spots and subduction zones. Volcanoes come in many shapes and sizes from towering mountains to shield volcanoes that are the largest volcanic mountains on Earth.

How Pillow Basalt forms

Separating crustal plates on the ocean floors allow magma (molten rock from the upper mantle to flow out onto the ocean floor forming pillow basalt. Pillow basalt covers all the ocean floors. the Hawaiian Islands are part of a great chain of volcanoes that have formed over a persistent hot spot in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. The chain goes all the way north to where they are subducted beneath the North American Plate.

Where do subduction zones form?

Great volcanic mountains ring the Pacific Ocean on the continental side of subduction zones. These stratovolcanoes form in subduction zones when a continental plate and an oceanic plate collide. The oceanic plate contains iron rich minerals that are heavier than continental rocks. The oceanic plate is forced beneath the continental plate where it melts. The molten rock from the melting plates form towering volcanoes like Mt. Rainier and Mt. Fuji

What is igneous rock?

Igneous rock forms when molten rock that forms in subduction zones is blown out of a volcano, flows out in lava flows or cools beneath the surface in dikes, sills and plutons. All igneous rock that cools underground forms interlocking crystals that are visible to the naked eye. Granite is a common form of intrusive rock. Magma, (molten rock) that contains enough expanding gases erupts either in a lava flow or is blown out of a volcano during a volcanic eruption. Rhyolite magma often produces explosive volcanic eruptions and it is associated with super volcanoes.

More Level 1 Textbook Links

Level 1 Textbooks

Earth Science

Igneous Rocks

Sedimentary Rocks

Metamorphic Rocks


Rock & Mineral ID Field Guide

Rock Cycle



Course 1

Course 2

Kids Science

Level 2 Textbooks

Ring of Fire Science

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Our Earth Science curriculum has been recommended by a number of authors including:

  • More Charlotte Mason Education - A Home Schooling How-To Manual by Catherine Levison

All of our science materials have been used by homeschooling families throughout the United States since 1998.

Recommended by AFMS Junior Chair

Ring of Fire Science materials were recommended by Jim Brace-Thompson of the American Federation of Mineralogical Societies.  He found our materials contain a wealth of information for the junior members of the society. He wrote that our books are beautifully designed and illustrated with easy-to-follow instructions for kids.

Cambridge Who's Who named Myrna Martin their Science Textbook Publishing Professional of the Year. She is the author of all of our textbooks.  Read more about our family business.

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