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What is Earth Science?

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Level 2 Earth Science

L2 Earth Science textbookL2 Earth Science

Learn what is Earth Science in our Level 2 Earth Science textbook. This book is an introduction to Earth Science. It includes sixteen lessons on Earth Science. Lessons include The Earth, Plate Tectonics, Igneous Rocks, Minerals, Volcanoes Worldwide, Seismic Waves, Marine Habitats and Storms.  Each lesson contains 3-4 pages of written information about Earth Science, a quiz and a kids science activity.

Myrna Martin introduces each lesson in the textbook on a video that can be purchased with our packages and courses. Myrna covers not only the main points in the lesson she also includes extra information on the topic that is not contained in the written material.

The kids science activities are fun and easy to do. Science activities include Pyroclastic Eruptions, Earth Science Links, Modeling Gneiss, Crystal Mobile and a Coarse Look at Sand.

IN SE L2 Earth Science Options

Student Edition eBook link
Level 2 Earth Science Textbook

Teacher Edition eBook link
Level 2 Earth Science Textbook

IN TE L2 Earth Science

Teacher’s Edition Level 2 Earth Science Textbook

The teacher’s textbook is an exact copy of the student textbook. It includes the answers to the quizzes on each quiz page. A Teacher’s Notes page is located before each lesson with the following information

1. Lesson Content
2. Lesson Objectives
3. Activity information and materials needed
4. Vocabulary and definitions
5. Correlation with the National Science Standards

What is Earth Science

Learn more about what is Earth Science and what it covers in our Level 2 textbook. Students learn about Earth Science from interior of the Earth to the far reaches of outer space. Students learn how three different scientists discovered the Moho boundary, liquid inner core and the solid outer core using earthquake waves.

Earth Science is a fun subject because students learn about the oceans and new life that was discovered on the ocean floors in the 1970s. They also learn about the International Space Station, the Hubble Telescope and the various layers of our atmosphere.

The study of Earth Science also includes planets, asteroids, the Sun and the Moon in our Solar System as well as stars in the heavens. New discoveries are occurring all the time.

Earth Science facts

  • All earthquakes produce P waves and S waves.P waves travel through solids, liquids and gases. They travel through all parts of the interior of the Earth. S waves travel only through solids. They do not travel through the inner and outer core of the Earth.
  • Great stratovolcanoes have formed on the continental side of subduction zones that form a horseshoe shape around the Pacific Ocean.
  • The Antarctic Circumpolar Current is the largest wind driven current on Earth.
  • The Antarctic Circumpolar Current connects the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
  • Edmund Halley is the astronomer who plotted the orbit and return of Halley ’s Comet that is visible from Earth every 75-76 years.

Mid ocean ridge

The mid ocean ridge is a great chain of mountains that formed on the oceans floors where crustal plates are separating. If the all the water on Earth were to suddenly disappear the mid ocean ridge would be visible. It would also be the most prominent land form visible from space.

Running down the center of the mountains are rift valleys where crustal plates are pulling apart and the land drops down. These mountains are only visible where mid ocean ridges rise above the ocean level. The most prominent place on Earth is Iceland. You can walk through a rift valley on Iceland that separates the North American Plate from the Eurasian Plate.

Mount Pinatubo eruption

The Mount Pinatubo eruption on June 15, 1991 was the second largest eruption of the 20th Century. Geologists thought Mount Pinatubo was extinct prior to its awakening in 1991. It had been dormant for over 500 years and was not listed as a potentially deadly volcano until shortly before the eruption.

The lessons learned on Mount Saint Helens after the 1980 eruption saved many lives of people living at the base of the volcano. The warnings by geologists were heeded by most of the people living around the volcano and they evacuated prior to the eruption. A hurricane struck the island during the eruption and ash falling mixed with rain caused many homes to collapse.

Pyroclastic flows swept down the sides of the volcano also creating devastation in their paths. Lahars, volcanic mud flows, also occurred during and after the eruption destroying even more land and farms.

More Level 2 Textbook Links

Level 2 Textbooks

Rock Cycle



Earth Science


The Oceans

Course 1

Course 2

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Why Educators Choose Our Earth Science Curriculum

  • Award-winning Homeschooling Materials for Grades K-12
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Homeschool Science Materials

Our Earth Science curriculum has been recommended by a number of authors including:

  • More Charlotte Mason Education - A Home Schooling How-To Manual by Catherine Levison

All of our science materials have been used by homeschooling families throughout the United States since 1998.

Recommended by AFMS Junior Chair

Ring of Fire Science materials were recommended by Jim Brace-Thompson of the American Federation of Mineralogical Societies.  He found our materials contain a wealth of information for the junior members of the society. He wrote that our books are beautifully designed and illustrated with easy-to-follow instructions for kids.

Cambridge Who's Who named Myrna Martin their Science Textbook Publishing Professional of the Year. She is the author of all of our textbooks.  Read more about our family business.

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